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World: Water, Sanitation, and Hygiene Sector Update, Fiscal Year 2017

Wed, 01/31/2018 - 00:30
Source: US Agency for International Development Country: Ethiopia, Haiti, Kenya, Somalia, World, Yemen

Sector Overview

Water, sanitation, and hygiene (WASH) programs represent vital components of USAID Office of U.S. Foreign Disaster Assistance (USAID/OFDA) responses to slow - and rapid -onset di sasters and complex emergencies , which render populations more susceptible to illness and death from waterborne and communicable diseases.

In Fiscal Year (FY) 2017, USAID/OFDA provided nearly $353 million to support W ASH programs in more than countries. WASH interventions in emergencies often include construction or repair of latrines , hygiene support , solid waste removal , and the provision of safe drinking water.

USAID/OFDA also links emergency WASH activities with transition and development programs funded by other USAID offices and incorporates institutional partners —such as local governments — in program planning and implementation to promote the sustainability of water - and hygiene - focused projects.
In additi on, USAID/OFDA support to operational research enabled the development and testing of improved emergency sanitation options for challenging environments, such as densely populated or flood -prone areas . Other research partners explored methods to improve linkages between markets and emergency WASH responders , with pilots in pre -crisis DRR, chronic, and rapid response contexts .

World: USAID/OFDA Logistics and Relief Commodities Sector Update Fiscal Year 2017

Wed, 01/31/2018 - 00:22
Source: US Agency for International Development Country: Democratic Republic of the Congo, Haiti, World, Yemen

Sector Overview

As part of its effort to ensure rapid responses to humanitarian emergencies around the world, USAID’s Office of U.S. Foreign Disaster Assistance ( USAID/OFDA ) stores emergency relief supplies , such as blankets, hygiene kits, kitchen sets, plastic sheeting, and water containers, at warehouses in Dubai, United Arab Emirates; Miami, United States; Pisa, Italy; and Subang, Malaysia.

In addition to stockpiling emergency relief items, USAID/OFDA deploys logistics personnel to assist directly with U .S. Government responses when a disaster strikes. With support from colleagues in Washington, D.C., deployed logistics personnel manage the transport and consignment of relief commodities to USAID/OFDA partners operat ing in disaster -affected areas.

USAID/OFDA’s Logistics Unit also provides technical assistance to non-governmental organizations (NGOs), UN agencies, and host government counterparts in the immediate aftermath of a dis aster and supports disaster risk reduction efforts to mitigate the impact of future disasters.

In Fiscal Year (FY) 2017, through grants and in - kind contributions to humanitarian partners, USAID/OFDA provided more than $272 million for emergency relief commodities and associated transport, as well as for other logistical support.

World: USAID-OFDA Health Sector Update, Fiscal Year 2017

Wed, 01/31/2018 - 00:04
Source: US Agency for International Development Country: Cameroon, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Haiti, Nigeria, Pakistan, South Sudan, Syrian Arab Republic, United States of America, World, Yemen

Sector Overview

USAID’s Office of U.S. Foreign Disaster Assistance (USAID/OFDA) remains at the forefront of the humanitarian community’s efforts to alleviate mortality and morbidity during crises by supporting a wide range of health interventions. USAID/OFDA-supported initiatives include life-saving medical assistance, immunization campaigns, disease surveillance systems, vector-control activities, and capacity-building trainings for local health workers. Recognizing the inextricable link between health and other core humanitarian sectors, particularly nutrition and water, sanitation, and hygiene (WASH), USAID/OFDA supports integrated programs that simultaneously address multiple determinants of health in emergencies, such as access to health facilities, food security, and the availability of safe drinking water.

USAID/OFDA provided approximately $373.4 million to mitigate and prevent the adverse effects of natural and man-made crises on the health of affected populations in Fiscal Year (FY) 2017. The total included nearly $334.8 million for health interventions in 26 countries and more than $38.6 million for global and regional health initiatives.

Providing Emergency Health Care Services to Conflict-Affected People in the Democratic Republic of the Congo

USAID/OFDA continues to support emergency health care services for conflict-affected people in eastern Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) and in FY 2017 began supporting emergency health services in the Kasaï region. Mid-year, the UN estimated that more than one-third of internally displaced persons (IDPs) in DRC—nearly 1.4 million people—were displaced within the five provinces of Kasaï, where persistent insecurity has resulted in simultaneous displacement and returns to areas of origin across the region. In response to increasing health needs in Kasaï, USAID/OFDA partners, including Interchurch Medical Assistance (IMA) World Health and Save the Children/U.S. (SC/US), are providing life-saving services to displaced populations, rehabilitating health facilities, and supporting disease surveillance activities to prevent and respond to outbreaks.

IMA World Health provides free primary health care services across more than 120 health centers to IDPs and vulnerable populations in Kasaï and Kasaï Central provinces, while SC/US is operating three mobile clinics and providing institutional support to eight health centers in Kasaï Oriental and Lomani provinces. In FY 2017, SC/US provided access to health care services through mobile clinics for approximately 18,400 people and conducted nearly 9,300 health consultations in the two provinces. USAID/OFDA provided more than $14.8 million in FY 2017 funding to support IMA World Health, SC/US, and six other partners to conduct health care interventions throughout DRC.

World: Acción Humanitaria para la Infancia 2018 - Resumen

Tue, 01/30/2018 - 23:39
Source: UN Children's Fund Country: Cuba, Haiti, World

PRÓLOGO

Acción Humanitaria para la Infancia 2018

El pasado año resultó demoledor para los niños.
En la actualidad, 1 de cada 4 niños vive en un país afectado por un conflicto o desastre. Casi 50 millones de niños han tenido que huir de sus hogares a causa de la violencia, la pobreza o los desastres naturales.

Esos datos ponen de manifiesto una realidad alarmante: las consecuencias de la crisis humanitaria en los niños han alcanzado proporciones catastróficas.

En muchos lugares, los conflictos violentos están exacerbando la necesidad humanitaria hasta niveles críticos. En 2017 se acentuaron la complejidad y las repercusiones de conflictos que ya duran varios años, entre otros los del Iraq, Nigeria, la República Árabe Siria, la República Democrática del Congo, Sudán del Sur y el Yemen.

Los niños afectados por esos conflictos viven una pesadilla a diario.
El año pasado, esos niños no solo hicieron frente a la amenaza constante de la violencia; muchos también fueron expulsados de sus hogares, pasaron hambre y contrajeron enfermedades que pusieron en peligro sus vidas debido a la interrupción de los servicios y de las infraestructuras de salud, agua y saneamiento de su entorno.

En Bangladesh, por ejemplo, el repunte de la violencia en Myanmar provocó una afluencia masiva de refugiados rohingya, entre ellos un gran número de niños, en agosto de 2017. La enorme magnitud de la población de refugiados desbordó los asentamientos provisionales, cuyas malas condiciones de higiene y saneamiento causaron brotes de enfermedades transmitidas por el agua.

El año pasado también se produjo un número sin precedentes de brotes de cólera, sobre todo en zonas en conflicto como el Iraq, el nordeste de Nigeria, la República Democrática del Congo, Somalia,
Sudán del Sur y el Yemen. En muchos casos, los enfrentamientos violentos y la interrupción de los servicios públicos causaron el desmoronamiento de los servicios de agua y saneamiento, que a su vez favoreció la propagación del cólera en las comunidades afectadas y generó una situación de emergencia dentro de otra emergencia.

Lo que impulsa la labor que desempeñamos en UNICEF es la conciencia de que detrás de cada una de esas emergencias, más allá de toda estadística inconcebible y de cada espeluznante relato de violencia, desplazamiento y hambre, se encuentra un niño. Un niño que debería estar en la escuela, pero que no puede porque la han dañado o destruido. Un niño que está solo y tiene miedo porque lo han separado de sus seres queridos. Un niño que muere de cólera, una enfermedad totalmente prevenible.
Y ya sea ese niño migrante, refugiado o desplazado interno, un niño es un niño, y todo niño debe ser protegido, debe poder permanecer junto a su familia, debe tener la oportunidad de acudir a la escuela. Sin excepciones.

En UNICEF hemos decidido que uno de los aspectos fundamentales de nuestro trabajo consiste en hacer frente a las necesidades complejas y únicas de cada niño cuya vida se haya visto trastocada por una crisis humanitaria. Acción Humanitaria para la Infancia 2018 hace hincapié en dicho propósito. Describe los resultados alcanzados junto a nuestros asociados sobre el terreno en 2017; las estrategias que emplearemos para superar los retos que se presenten en 2018; y la ayuda de los donantes, vital para nuestra capacidad de respuesta.

Los lectores conocerán la respuesta de UNICEF en países como Nigeria, Somalia, Sudán del Sur y el Yemen, donde las consecuencias de los conflictos, el desplazamiento, la sequía, la escasez de agua y la fragilidad de la infraestructura intensificaron el riesgo de hambruna en 2017 y pusieron en peligro inminente de inanición a casi 1,4 millones de niños. En cada uno de esos países, UNICEF y sus asociados facilitaron ayuda sobre el terreno incluso antes de que la amenaza de la hambruna se materializase a plena escala.

En Somalia, por ejemplo, los donantes intervinieron en una fase temprana, lo que posibilitó un gran incremento de los servicios y la prestación de asistencia sostenida. En noviembre de 2017,
UNICEF y sus asociados habían sido capaces de tratar a más de 220.000 niños con malnutrición grave y de llegar a casi 1,8 millones de personas afectadas por la sequía, a quienes facilitaron un acceso provisional a agua apta para el consumo y la contención de nuevos brotes de cólera y otras enfermedades transmitidas por el agua.

el desarrollo y tengan repercusión a largo plazo. Al oeste de la ciudad iraquí de Mosul, el Fondo invirtió en la reparación y reconstrucción de infraestructura hídrica dañada, lo que le permitió satisfacer de manera inmediata las necesidades de agua y poner en marcha un sistema más sostenible que dará servicio a las comunidades de la zona durante años.

Los resultados destacados anteriormente y los logros descritos en el presente llamamiento fueron posibles gracias a la inestimable ayuda de nuestros donantes. A medida que respondemos a situaciones humanitarias cada vez más complejas, muchas de las cuales se caracterizan por entornos operativos exigentes y un acceso reducido de la ayuda humanitaria, su apoyo marca la diferencia, y sus recursos flexibles nos permiten intervenir con rapidez en las situaciones de crisis y asignar recursos allí donde más se necesitan. Su generosidad hace posible que ayudemos a todos los niños afectados por las crisis a volver a la escuela, reunirse con su familia, evitar enfermedades prevenibles, y acceder a los nutrientes y el agua potable que precisan para sobrevivir a la infancia y convertirse en personas adultas sanas.

Sabemos que, si seguimos trabajando codo con codo, podremos mejorar las oportunidades de todos los niños y niñas a los que llegamos; no solo de sobrevivir, sino de prosperar a largo plazo.

Omar Abdi Director Ejecutivo Adjunto de UNICEF

World: Humanitarian Action for Children 2018 - Latin America and the Caribbean

Tue, 01/30/2018 - 20:22
Source: UN Children's Fund Country: Colombia, Cuba, Dominica, Haiti, Mexico, Peru, World

Latin America and the Caribbean

A disaster-prone region, Latin America and the Caribbean was devastated in 2017, with more than 15.6 million people, including 8 million children, affected by natural disasters. Hurricane Irma, the most powerful hurricane ever recorded over the Atlantic, followed by Hurricane Maria, left more than 1.4 million people—one third of them children—in need of humanitarian assistance in Cuba, Haiti and the Eastern Caribbean islands. Two major earthquakes shook Mexico in September, killing hundreds in an area where at least 7 million children live.
Several countries in South America, particularly Colombia and Peru, were hit by heavy rains, causing floods and landslides and exacerbating the needs of already vulnerable children and their families. Children in the region have also faced the consequences of organized violence, forced migration and exploitation, with children making up 62 per cent of detected trafficking victims. Latin America and the Caribbean is also the region most affected by Zika, and children are particularly vulnerable to health emergencies such as cholera and yellow fever. Despite significant progress in recent years, the humanitarian situation in 2017 illustrated the importance of strengthening emergency preparedness and disaster risk reduction among authorities and partners across the region.

Regional humanitarian strategy

In 2018, UNICEF's Latin America and the Caribbean Regional Office will continue to build its capacity and reputation as a reliable and effective partner for governments and humanitarian and development actors. The Regional Office will leverage its proven capacities in all areas of responsibility (water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH), education, health, nutrition and child protection), and will demonstrate leadership in risk analysis and resilience, with both preparedness and response capacity. A particular focus area will be enhancing human and financial resources, as well as humanitarian supplies and resource mobilization strategies and mechanisms. The Regional Office will consolidate its preparedness and response capacities by investing in field capacity through its regional response roster. Capacities to lead and coordinate preparedness and response across sectors will be enhanced through the identification and training of appropriate human resources, and by advocating for the elaboration and implementation of protocols and guidelines. Evidence gathering will be strengthened to support advocacy, resource mobilization and the collective efforts of the humanitarian community for child-focused preparedness and response. Country offices will be supported through training, planning and simulations for improved preparedness and response capacity.
Based on its regional strategy, the Regional Office will also bolster supply and logistics capacities at both the regional and country levels.
Cooperation with governments, regional disaster management bodies, academia, the social and private sectors and other innovative capacities will be mobilized to reinforce humanitarian action, and new sectoral areas, including social inclusion, will be incorporated to reinforce the humanitarian-development nexus and related linkages. The Regional Office will maximize regional opportunities for linking social protection efforts with both humanitarian and resilience work, and will continue to work with country offices to reinforce these by building a knowledge base and appropriate tools. Risk analysis will be strengthened through the adaptation and implementation of tools, setting the stage for the implementation of better risk-informed programming. Regional capacity for preparedness and response to health emergencies such as Zika will be strengthened, focusing on the implementation of tools and procedures in high-risk countries. The Regional Office will also work to expand the knowledge base of country offices on the impacts of climate change on children, as well as urban settings and gender-related issues, all from a child's rights perspective.

Results from 2017

As of 31 October 2017, UNICEF had US$11.2 million available against the original US$7.2 million appeal. Fundraising was scaled up in response to the emergencies in Mexico and Peru, and a dedicated Humanitarian Action for Children appeal was launched for the response to the Caribbean hurricanes. The funds received allowed the Regional Office to support the delivery of humanitarian assistance in response to emergencies, including in Mexico, Peru and the Caribbean. The regional response roster was activated and deployed critical staff to increase capacities in affected countries. A regional supply and logistics strategy was developed and during crisis responses, emergency supplies were distributed, including more than 22,000 mosquito nets and 3,000 family hygiene kits. A multi-sector response was implemented in 18 countries, comprising the provision of holistic care and support services to families affected by Zika, prevention support for high-risk groups, promotion of key prevention messages that reached over 170 million people, and the provision of non-clinical care and support interventions for 608 families. UNICEF programming in the region was strengthened through improved risk analysis, including the expansion of the INFORM Index for Risk Management and the incorporation of a disaster risk lens in results-based management trainings and planning processes.

Fundingr requirements

UNICEF is requesting US$10,565,000 to sustain and intensify the aforementioned work and ensure that countries in the region are prepared to effectively respond to ongoing and potential emergencies. The Regional Office will maintain the regional response roster and strengthen capacities for disaster risk reduction, resilience building and preparedness, including in regard to health emergencies (e.g. Zika). The funding requirements reflect the resources needed to respond to crises in countries that do not have humanitarian appeals.
This includes ongoing response efforts and additional funds required to strengthen coordination in the areas of UNICEF sector/cluster responsibility, as well as cross-sectoral initiatives.

Haiti: Haiti: Aperçu humanitaire (Décembre 2017)

Tue, 01/30/2018 - 20:12
Source: UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs Country: Dominican Republic, Haiti

Au cours de l’année 2017, le contexte humanitaire en Haïti a notamment évolué. Selon les rapports IPC publiés en février et octobre 2017, le nombre de personnes en insécurité alimentaire est passé de 2,35 millions de personnes en phase de crise à 1,32 million. Les personnes déplacées vivant dans les camps suite au séisme de 2010 ont diminué de 46 691 dans 31 camps à 37 667 dans 26 camps. De même, le nombre de personnes dans le besoin d’assistance humanitaire suite à l’ouragan Matthew qui était de 1,4 million en janvier 2017 a été réduit à 1 million en décembre 2017. Le nombre cumulatif des retournés ou/et déportés de la République Dominicaine enregistré volontairement à la frontière depuis juillet 2015 est passé de 158 810 en décembre 2016 à 230 300 en octobre 2017. Enfin, le nombre de cas suspects de choléra enregistré en 2017 a diminué de 67% par rapport à 2016. Toutefois, ces résultats demeurent fragiles à cause des besoins humanitaires qui persistent et qui peuvent engendrer une détérioration de la situation.

Haiti: Haiti: Humanitarian Snapshot (December 2017)

Tue, 01/30/2018 - 20:08
Source: UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs Country: Dominican Republic, Haiti

The humanitarian context in Haiti notably evolved in 2017. According to the IPC reports published in February and October 2017, the number of people living in food insecurity (crisis phase) decreased from 2.35 million to 1.32 million during these two periods. Displaced persons remaining in camps following the 2010 earthquake reduced from 46,691 in 31 camps to 37,667 in 26 camps. In addition, the number of people in need of humanitarian assistance following Hurricane Matthew reduced from 1.4 million in October 2016 to 1 million in October 2017. The cumulative number of returnees and/or deportees from the Dominican Republic voluntarily registered at the border since July 2015 increased from 158,810 in December 2016 to 230,300 in October 2017. Finally, the number of suspected cholera cases recorded in 2017 decreased by 67% compared to 2016. These results, however, remain fragile because of the persistent humanitarian needs that can lead to the deterioration of the situation.

Haiti: The Lambi Fund of Haiti to offer programs to improve family livelihoods and create income-generating opportunities for smallholder farmers in Kavayon, Manich and Okay, Haiti

Tue, 01/30/2018 - 13:24
Source: Lambi Fund of Haiti Country: Haiti

Washington, D.C. - The Lambi Fund of Haiti, located in Washington D.C. and Port au Prince, Haiti, will launch 9 various projects with smallholder farmers in Kavayon, Manich and Okay to improve family livelihoods and create income-generating opportunities in the southwest corridor of Haiti.

The project is funded by a $ 139,321 grant from the W.K. Kellogg Foundation of Battle Creek, Michigan.

"We are thankful for the partnership with the W. K. Kellogg Foundation that will result in enhancing potential for livelihood and working out of poverty for families in farming communities working together to change the course of their lives. We welcome the Foundation's approach to focus on the corridor maximizing opportunities for that region of the South of Haiti." said Marie Marthe Saint Cyr, Executive Director of the Lambi Fund of Haiti.

Efforts will focus on assisting local organizations with agricultural infrastructure, capacity building, ox-plowing services, agricultural transformation that contribute to improve food security and farming efforts.

Projects will vary in all three areas and a total of 7 partner organizations in Haiti will benefit. These partner organizations vetted by the Lambi Fund's board will receive much needed aid to strengthen their livelihoods. The projects will include community fund for KOFEKA woman organization, ODRO mill transformation for rice, UPLADEP storage of grain, animal husbandry (goat), oxen and ox-plow, and 120,000 seedlings for planting addressing concerns with the environment.

These projects will provide much needed aid to these organizations that were devastated by Hurricane Matthew in 2016 and continue to face uncertain weather patterns due to climate change.

About the Lambi Fund of Haiti

Founded jointly in 1994 by Haitians and Americans, the Lambi Fund of Haiti is a unique grassroots organization whose mission is to assist the popular, democratic movements in Haiti. Its goal is to help strengthen civil society in Haiti as a necessary foundation for democracy and development.

The Lambi Fund has developed a bottom-up approach to development. The approach engages communities in a democratic process whereby communities themselves decide what is most important to their own development. In addition to financial and technical support, Lambi provides workshops on leadership, community organizing, democratic principles and gender equity. Lambi programs have impacted over 2 million Haitians, which is 20% of Haiti's entire population and has planted over 2 million trees since 2006. For more information, visit www.lambifund.org.

About the W.K. Kellogg Foundation

The W.K. Kellogg Foundation (WKKF), founded in 1930 as an independent, private foundation by breakfast cereal pioneer Will Keith Kellogg, is among the largest philanthropic foundations in the United States. Guided by the belief that all children should have an equal opportunity to thrive, WKKF works with communities to create conditions for vulnerable children so they can realize their full potential in school, work and life.

The Kellogg Foundation is based in Battle Creek, Michigan, and works throughout the United States and internationally, as well as with sovereign tribes. Special emphasis is paid to priority places where there are high concentrations of poverty and where children face significant barriers to success. WKKF priority places in the U.S. are in Michigan, Mississippi, New Mexico and New Orleans; and internationally are in Mexico and Haiti. For more information, visit www.wkkf.org.

World: Les souffrances liées à la faim dans les zones de conflit continuent de s’intensifier

Tue, 01/30/2018 - 07:16
Source: Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations Country: Afghanistan, Burundi, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Chad, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Guinea-Bissau, Haiti, Iraq, Lebanon, Liberia, Mali, Niger, Nigeria, Somalia, South Sudan, Sudan, Syrian Arab Republic, Ukraine, World, Yemen

29 janvier 2018, Rome – L’insécurité alimentaire dans les pays touchés par un conflit continue de se détériorer, ce qui signifie que les efforts humanitaires pour apporter une aide alimentaire aux communautés affectées et pour soutenir leurs moyens d’existence demeurent particulièrement vitaux, ont affirmé la FAO et le PAM devant le Conseil de sécurité de l’ONU. 

Leur dernier rapport adressé au Conseil de sécurité de l’ONU et portant sur l’insécurité alimentaire couvre 16 pays : l’Afghanistan, le Burundi, la République centrafricaine, la République démocratique du Congo, la Guinée Bissau, Haïti, l’Irak, le Liban avec les réfugiés syriens, le Libéria, le Mali, la Somalie, le Soudan du Sud, le Soudan, la Syrie, l’Ukraine, le Yémen et la zone transfrontalière du bassin du lac Tchad.

Pour la moitié de ces endroits, l’évaluation menée par la FAO et le PAM indique qu’un quart de la population est confrontée à des niveaux de famine critiques ou d’urgence, conformément au _Cadre intégré_ de classification de la sécurité alimentaire- IPC. En savoir plus.

Ces pays ne sont pourtant pas les seuls à susciter une vive inquiétude.

Par exemple, souligne le rapport, en République démocratique du Congo – o_ù_de vives inquiétudes liées à la sécurité alimentaire ont été éclipsées par d’autres crises en Afrique – la situation se détériore rapidement. 11 pour cent de la population du pays est maintenant en situation de crise ou a dépassé ce niveau selon l’échelle IPC. A cela s’ajoutent 7,7 millions de personnes confrontées à une situation de faim aiguë. 

Au Soudan, 3,8 millions de personnes sont considérées comme ayant atteint le niveau de crise ou l’ayant dépassé selon l’échelle IPC. Ils sont 3,2 millions en Irak. Dans le bassin du Lac Tchad, ils sont au nombre de 2,9 millions. Au Burundi et en Haïti, ils sont respectivement 1,8 et 1,3 millions. (Lire le rapport complet de la FAO et du PAM
Les conflits provoquent la faim 

Dans ces 26 pays, il existe un facteur commun compromettant la sécurité alimentaire: les conflits.
En effet, selon la dernière évaluation de l’ONU sur la sécurité alimentaire mondiale, l’intensification des conflits est la principale raison derrière la récente résurgence de la faim dans le monde après plusieurs décennies de déclin.

D’après l’évaluation, publiée en octobre dernier, le nombre de personnes souffrant de la faim dans le monde s’élevait à 815 millions en 2016, soit 777 millions de personnes de plus que l’année précédente. La majorité des personnes souffrant de la faim (489 millions de personnes) vivent dans des pays touchés par des conflits.

La sécurité alimentaire, essentielle à la paix 

La nouvelle mise à jour de la FAO et du PAM est la plus récente d’une série de notes d’information régulières et semestrielles adressées au Conseil de sécurité de l’ONU et portant sur la sécurité alimentaire. Elle concerne des pays suivis spécifiquement par les Nations Unies.

Cette activité fait figure de complément aux efforts déployés afin de suivre les crises alimentaires à travers le monde et d’apporter des réponses coordonnées et par ailleurs résumées dans le Rapport mondial annuel sur les crises alimentaires et le Réseau mondial associé contre les crises alimentaires. Initié par la FAO, le PAM et l’UE, cette initiative implique maintenant un large réseau de partenaires et de donateurs - dont notamment le Réseau des systèmes d’alerte précoce contre la famine (FEWSNET), la FAO, l’Autorité intergouvernementale pour le développement (IGAD), le Comité permanent inter-Etats de lutte contre la sécheresse dans le Sahel (CILSS), l’UNICEF, le Bureau de la coordination des affaires humanitaires (OCHA), le PAM et USAID.

Ce consensus de grande envergure souligne le fait que les activités visant à soutenir des moyens d’existence résilients soient associées à des efforts de maintien de la paix et à des initiatives destinées à résoudre les conflits, en vue de parvenir au développement durable et à la sécurité alimentaire et d’atteindre les objectifs en matière de nutrition. Investir dans la sécurité alimentaire peut aider à renforcer les efforts visant à prévenir les conflits et à instaurer une paix durable.

World: Global Shelter Cluster Working Group: Settlement Approaches in Urban Areas - Compendium of case studies, October 2017

Mon, 01/29/2018 - 17:58
Source: Shelter Cluster Country: Afghanistan, Central African Republic, Germany, Guatemala, Haiti, Lebanon, Nigeria, Philippines, Syrian Arab Republic, Turkey, World

INTRODUCTION & RATIONALE

An objective of the Global Shelter Cluster WG on Settlement Based approaches in Urban Areas is to contribute to building a body of knowledge to promote and improve the application of settlement based approaches in humanitarian response.

This initial collection of case studies represents one vehicle the WG is using to further the discussion on settlement based approaches.

Following a recent call-out to various urban fora and communities of practice, this compendium includes a total of 11 draft case studies, with several more in development. The following case studies focus on unpacking the specific settlement approach undertaken by the implementing agency, highlighting achievements, challenges and lessons experienced. Case studies include initiatives focused on the built environment, support to governance, social engagement, cohesion or other thematic focus areas.

Over the coming 6-months, additional case studies will be collected, complemented by further analysis. Regional events may also be scheduled to provide further forums for discussion and knowledge exchange.

Agencies interested in submitting case studies, please contact james.schell@impact-initiatives.org.

INTERIM CASE STUDY OBSERVATIONS AND ANALYSIS

Reviewing the attached case studies, specific achievements, challenges and lessons reoccurred in several case studies, as summarized below. This initial analysis will be further expanded on in the coming months through further literature reviews and case study submissions.

COMMON KEY ACHIEVEMENTS

  • Understanding the community: Initiatives resulted in a more in-depth understanding of the community. High levels of community engagement, supported through the use of maps, spatial data and participatory mapping exercises were important vehicles in achieving a nuanced understanding of the community/settlement.

  • Engagement with multiple actors: Numerous case studies prioritised engaging with multiple and diverse actors, including: local, national and international stakeholders; humanitarian and development actors; and government, civil society and private sector actors.

  • Information sharing & a common point of reference: Settlement based initiatives often also provided a platform for information sharing, dialogue and coordination – either through a physical centre or virtual platform. Providing such fora was valued and – depending on the specific nature (physical, virtual etc) contributed to social cohesion, information management and relationship building.

  • High levels of community engagement: Successful settlement-based projects by nature require a strong level of community engagement at all stages. Case studies reiterated this importance of engaging with all community member constituencies, and supporting (or creating) community level committees/structures to support the project and potentially contribute to other community processes.

  • Considering the humanitarian development nexus: A settlement based approach proved useful when addressing both humanitarian and development concerns. Identifying short, medium- and long-term priorities in a defined geographic community often acted as an important catalyst to ensure initiatives remain complementary and both humanitarian and development actors were involved in planning processes.

  • Capacity strengthening of local actors: Several case studies prioritized direct engagement with and capacity strengthening of local municipal authorities. Engagement with authorities was considered vital to ensure projects: remain participatory and inclusive; increase legitimacy and local support; and contribute to more macro-level government priorities (urban planning and zoning, infrastructure development etc).

COMMON CHALLENGES & SHORTCOMINGS

  • Engaging with multiple actors: Although case studies prioritize the importance of multiple actors, effectively navigating numerous and diverse actors brought significant challenges in terms of resource investment, ensuring a thorough understanding of the environment, and often fluid relationships with actors to manage.

  • Limited capacity of local actors: Settlement based projects inherently involved strong engagement with local counterparts and partners. However, numerous case studies highlighted the challenges of working with local actors with current limited capacity, questioning the longevity and sustainability of potential initiatives, and significant investment required to ensure strong partnerships.

  • Relationship and impact on nearby settlements and the city level: Challenges and tensions can arise when balancing the needs and priorities of affected populations within the specific settlement, in relation to neighboring settlements and overall city level planning. Engaging with municipal authorities in this regards is considered vital, but is not without these associated tensions.

  • Who represents the settlement? Urban communities are more diverse than rural communities, placing significant importance on ensuring a diversity in representation.

  • Urban risk and volatility: Whilst not exclusive to urban contexts, risks and impact of urban instability and violence can be compounded in urban environments with poor socio-economic indicators and diverse population groups. Such tensions impacted a number of case studies.

  • Complex Housing, Land and Property contexts: Settlement based programming including a Housing, Land and Property (HLP) focus was relatively common. However, in numerous case studies, proof of ownership was non-existent (for various reasons) in urban contexts. Close collaboration with numerous actors on sensitive HLP issues required significant time-investment and could become a source of tension.

  • Multiple coordination platforms: Several case studies highlighted challenges associated with engaging with numerous coordination mechanisms, i.e. national and international coordination mechanisms operating during a humanitarian response, with mechanisms often structured sectorally, as opposed to geographically, which can bring confusion to coordination efforts.

COMMON LESSONS LEARNT

  • Proactive engagement with different levels of government: Acknowledging the challenges of balancing priorities at settlement/neighbourhood, city and national humanitarian and development priorities, a number of case studies reiterated the importance of engaging with numerous levels of governments to ensure response and recovery plans complement wider initiatives and address both humanitarian and development priorities.

  • Prioritise partnerships and engagement with diverse (and especially local) actors: Despite the challenges and significant resource investment required for strong engagement, investing in community participation and capacity strengthening is key and generate sustained ownership, recognition and leadership. Peer to Peer support model for Municipality capacity building as an efficient way of increasing acceptance of support from local municipality stakeholders

  • Be realistic about coverage: Projects following a settlement based approach can have a catchment area incorporating hundreds of thousands of people. Agencies need to be realistic about what can be undertaken in large catchment areas and promote strong coordination and partnerships wherever possible.

  • Anticipate a fluid urban context: A strong focus on planning and actor mapping is vital, as is the need to remain flexible in an often fluid urban environment.

  • Invest in information management capacity: Several case studies stressed the importance of investing in strong IM capacity to ensure effective monitoring of settlement based programming, especially when undertaken by multiple actors.

  • Integrated programming, with a focus on livelihoods, HLP: Numerous case studies reiterated the need for urban, area based initiatives to proactive address HLP rights and strengthen livelihoods where ever possible.

  • Advocate for donors to support settlement based approaches: Having donors that support settlement-based approaches is critical to further improve and upscale the approach

  • Close coordination between agencies is essential: For many settlement based projects to succeed, organizations must work in different sectors simultaneously. Where common road, sewer, or water infrastructure exists, coordination between implementing agencies and governments becomes essential. Further, sector-level or cluster-level coordination mechanisms should be complemented by area-based coordination.

World: Environmental vulnerability and debt sustainability in the Caribbean: do we have enough tools to address catastrophic risk?

Mon, 01/29/2018 - 15:52
Source: UN Conference on Trade and Development Country: Dominica, Grenada, Guyana, Haiti, Saint Lucia, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, World

Key points

• The increasingly frequent occurrence of natural disasters due to climate change put the debt sustainability and socioeconomic stability of vulnerable developing countries at risk.

• The international community should review and enhance the tools available to such countries to maintain debt sustainability and mobilize resources for climate change adaptation and developmental transformation.

• Measures should include the review of the criteria for the prioritization of official development assistance and concessional lending, the improvement of insurance schemes and the establishment of a global disaster mechanism under the auspices of the United Nations.

The devastating impact in the Caribbean region of the hurricane season in 2017 has put the spotlight on the wide-ranging consequences of environmental vulnerability in developing countries. Rather than being an exception, these types of events are expected to become more frequent and intense due to climate change. In this context, limited capacity to mobilize domestic resources, combined with insufficient multilateral financing facilities, create conditions in which developing countries may be unable to adequately invest in climate change adaptation needs and catastrophic risk insurance. Consequently, large-scale natural disasters put the environmental, economic and social viability of environmentally vulnerable countries at risk. The international community should therefore review the tools available to address catastrophic risk, in order to support successful climate change adaptation in developing countries. This policy brief analyses the interplay of such economic dynamics in the Caribbean.

Introduction

The economic impact of climate change is set to increase over the next century, along with the growing frequency and intensity of climate-related natural disasters. In this regard, countries in the Caribbean are particularly vulnerable, as highlighted during the recent hurricane season. The longterm environmental challenges faced by these countries are compounded by high levels of external economic vulnerability and public debt.
These factors combine to create a vicious cycle. Countries in the Caribbean recurrently use public debt to absorb the impact of external shocks and natural disasters.
In turn, higher levels of public debt constrain capacity to effectively address vulnerabilities. As a result, each new wave of shocks and disasters simultaneously amplifies vulnerabilities and weakens domestic response capacity.

World: Hunger in conflict zones continues to intensify

Mon, 01/29/2018 - 10:40
Source: World Food Programme, Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations Country: Afghanistan, Burundi, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Chad, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Guinea-Bissau, Haiti, Iraq, Lebanon, Liberia, Mali, Niger, Nigeria, Somalia, South Sudan, Sudan, Syrian Arab Republic, Ukraine, World, Yemen

FAO and WFP update UN Security Council on food insecurity hot spots, need for continued humanitarian support.

ROME – Food insecurity in conflict-stricken countries continues to deteriorate, meaning humanitarian efforts to provide affected communities with food relief and livelihood support remain extremely critical, FAO and WFP have told the UN Security Council.

Their latest report to the Council on food insecurity covers 16 countries: Afghanistan, Burundi, the Central African Republic, the Democratic Republic of the Congo, Guinea-Bissau, Haiti, Iraq, Lebanon regarding the Syrian refugees, Liberia, Mali, Somalia, South Sudan, Sudan, Syrian Arab Republic, Ukraine and Yemen, plus the transboundary Lake Chad Basin area.

In half of these places, the FAO-WFP assessment notes, a quarter or more of the population is facing crisis or emergency levels of hunger as measured on the international IPC food insecurity scale. These include:

But these are far from being the only countries flagged as cause for concern.
For example, in the Democratic Republic of the Congo -- where serious food security concerns have been overshadowed by crises in other parts of Africa -- the situation is rapidly deteriorating, the report warns. There, 11 percent of the population is now in IPC Crisis phase or above, adding up to 7.7 million people who are coping with acute hunger.

In Sudan, 3.8 million people are in IPC Crisis phase or above. In Iraq, that figure is 3.2 million while in the Lake Chad basin, the number is 2.9 million people. In Burundi and Haiti, it is 1.8 and 1.3 million, respectively. (Read the full FAO-WFP update here)

Conflict drives hunger

A common factor undermining food security in all 16 countries included in the report: conflict.

Indeed, the intensification of conflicts is a key reason behind the recent resurgence of world hunger levels following decades of steady declines, according to the UN’s most recent assessment of global food security.

The number of hungry people on the planet rose to 815 million people in 2016, up from 777 million the year before, the assessment, released last October, found. The majority of the hungry live in countries wracked by conflict – 489 million people.

Food security essential to peace

The new FAO WFP update is the latest in a series of regular, bi-annual briefings to the Security Council on food security in countries it is formally monitoring.

This activity complements a larger effort to track globally food crises and provide coordinated responses that is summarized in the annual Global Report on Food Crisis and its associated Global Network Against Food Crises. Initiated by FAO, WFP and EU, that effort now involves a network of partners and donors including the Famine Early Warning Systems Network (FEWS NET), FAO, Africa’s Intergovernmental Authority (IGAD), The Permanent Interstate Committee for Drought Control in the Sahel (CILSS), UNICEF, the UN’s Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA), WFP and USAID.

It reflects the new consensus that to achieve sustainable development and food security and nutrition goals, activities to support resilient livelihoods must be combined with peacebuilding and conflict resolution efforts. Investing in food security can strengthen efforts to prevent conflict and achieve sustained peace.

Link to download “Conflict & Hunger” photos: https://spaces.hightail.com/receive/GCtQ0ABSEl

About WFP WFP is the world's largest humanitarian agency fighting hunger worldwide, delivering food assistance in emergencies and working with communities to improve nutrition and build resilience. Each year, WFP assists some 80 million people in around 80 countries.

About FAO Achieving food security for all is at the heart of FAO's efforts - to make sure people have regular access to enough high-quality food to lead active, healthy lives. FAO's mandate is to raise levels of nutrition, improve agricultural productivity, better the lives of rural populations and contribute to the growth of the world economy. www.fao.org

Follow us on Twitter @wfp_media

For more information please contact (email address: firstname.lastname@wfp.org):
Steve Taravella, WFP/New York, Tel. +1-646-5566909, Mob. +1-202-770-5993

Haiti: Population : Plus de 130 mille personnes viennent s’installer, chaque année, dans les villes en Haïti, selon la Banque mondiale

Fri, 01/26/2018 - 06:49
Source: AlterPresse Country: Haiti

Privilégier un urbanisme résilient, améliorer l’efficacité et le coût des transports, renforcer le système financier municipal seraient des stratégies porteuses, aux yeux de la Banque mondiale en Haïti

P-au-P, 25 janv. 2018 [AlterPresse] – « Chaque année, 133 mille personnes laissent les zones rurales pour s’installer en ville », relève un rapport de la Banque mondiale sur l’urbanisation en Haïti, rendu public le mardi 23 janvier 2018.

Intitulé « les villes haïtiennes : des actions pour aujourd’hui avec un regard sur demain », ce rapport mentionne que 90 % de la population haïtienne vivait en milieu rural, dans les années 1950, indique un communiqué de presse, dont a pris connaissance l’agence en ligne AlterPresse.

Au moins un (1) Haïtien sur deux vit à présent en milieu urbain.

Le processus d’urbanisation rapide en Haïti est aggravé par les catastrophes naturelles et leurs coûts considérables, souligne la directrice des opérations à la Banque mondiale pour Haïti, Anabela Abreu [1]. .

« Construire des villes résilientes et durables constitue une priorité pour promouvoir l’accès de toutes et de tous aux opportunités », estime Abreu.

L’urgence d’aujourd’hui, en Haïti, serait de répondre à la demande croissante de services et d’emplois, mais aussi de transports et de logements abordables dans les villes.

Il est essentiel de remédier au manque d’infrastructures et de services, et d’améliorer l’aménagement du territoire pour réduire les risques, auxquels sont exposées les personnes vivant dans les villes en Haïti, avance le directeur au pôle Développement social, rural, urbain et résilience de la Banque mondiale, l’Egyptien Sameh Wahba.

Des actions, liées à l’accès aux services de base, à l’aménagement du territoire et à l’exposition aux catastrophes naturelles, doivent être mises en œuvre, afin de faire face aux défis des villes haïtiennes, recommande le rapport de la Banque mondiale en Haïti.

Il conviendrait de privilégier un urbanisme résilient, pour remédier au déficit d’infrastructures et mieux se préparer à la croissance urbaine de demain.

Il serait également opportun d’améliorer l’efficacité et le coût des transports, de mieux articuler les transports avec l’aménagement du territoire.

Il faudrait, par ailleurs, renforcer le système financier municipal, dans l’objectif de combler le déficit d’infrastructures et de services, et de s’adapter à l’augmentation (la croissance) de la population urbaine.

Ces stratégies proposées seraient susceptibles, selon le rapport de la Banque mondiale en Haïti, de renforcer la résilience dans les villes et d’améliorer les opportunités pour la population.

L’Organisation des Nations unies (Onu) avait plaidé pour la mise en œuvre d’actions, visant à développer les bonnes pratiques environnementales, à l’occasion de la journée mondiale de l´environnement, le 5 juin 2017.

Or, des pratiques d´urbanisation massive et sans contrôle se font dans des espaces à risques (notamment sur les côtes), où les conditions adéquates ne sont pas réunies, ni ne respectent les normes de construction, avait déploré l’Onu. [bd emb rc apr 25/01/2018 09:45]

[1] Ndlr : d’origine portugaise et femme-médecin de formation, Anabela Abreu a été nommée, en septembre 2017, Directrice Pays de la Banque mondiale pour Haïti.

World: USAID-OFDA Geological Hazards Sector Update, Fiscal Year 2017

Fri, 01/26/2018 - 00:12
Source: US Agency for International Development Country: Colombia, Haiti, Indonesia, Mexico, United States of America, World

VDAP Crisis Teams Respond to Indonesia’s Agung Volcano

For more than 30 years, the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) has implemented the USAID/OFDA-funded Volcano Disaster Assistance Program (VDAP), the world’s only international volcano crisis response team. USAID/OFDA and USGS established VDAP following the 1985 eruption of Nevado del Ruiz Volcano in Colombia, which resulted in an estimated 23,000 deaths. Since 1986, USAID/OFDA has provided more than $42.8 million to support VDAP, including nearly $5.3 million in FY 2017. VDAP scientific teams travel to volcanoes throughout the world at the request of host governments and, using volcano- monitoring equipment, work with local and national counterparts to quickly assess hazards and generate eruption forecasts. Overall, an estimated 3.4 million people benefited from VDAP assistance during FY 2017. More information about VDAP is available at: http://volcanoes.usgs.gov/vdap.

In September 2017, volcano-related earthquakes prompted the Government of Indonesia (GoI) Center for Volcanology and Geological Hazard Mitigation (CVGHM) to raise the alert level for Agung Volcano, located on the island of Bali, from Level 1 to Level 4—the highest on a four-level scale, indicating that a major eruption could be imminent. The GoI also increased the exclusion zone around the volcano’s crater to a minimum of six miles, while evacuating more than 144,000 people. Overall, an estimated 1.1 million people reside within 18 miles of Agung Volcano, which is also a popular tourist destination. The most recent eruption of Agung Volcano in 1963–1964 resulted in more than 1,100 deaths.

At the request of the GoI, VDAP activated a crisis response team in Indonesia to enhance volcano monitoring at Agung Volcano, providing seismic stations and other monitoring equipment. The crisis team, eventually supported by two additional VDAP teams, also assisted with CVGHM’s eruption forecasting and hazard analysis, with additional support provided by VDAP members in the United States.

World: 2016 - Un año de lucha contra la pobreza - Memoria de Actividades 2016

Wed, 01/24/2018 - 22:24
Source: Ayuda en Acción Country: Bolivia (Plurinational State of), Colombia, Ecuador, El Salvador, Ethiopia, Guatemala, Haiti, Honduras, India, Kenya, Malawi, Mexico, Mozambique, Nepal, Nicaragua, Paraguay, Peru, Spain, Uganda, World

Gracias al apoyo de más de 114.000 colaboradores, y casi 700 empresas e instituciones públicas, en 2016 cumplimos 35 años de compromiso de lucha contra la pobreza, la desigualdad y la exclusión.

La educación, la autonomía económica, la lucha por los derechos de las mujeres, la especial atención a la infancia, la salud o la acción humanitaria son los ámbitos más relevantes de nuestra actuación este año, que se ha extendido en 19 países de América Latina, África, Asia y también en España. 35 años de compromiso y de resultados.

#2016enAeA

Haiti: Haiti after Hurricane Matthew: House repair and reconstruction in Northwest and Grand Anse

Wed, 01/24/2018 - 11:50
Source: ACT Alliance Country: Haiti

On October 4, 2016 a category 4 hurricane ravaged the Southwestern province of Grand Anse and the Lower Northwestern part of Haiti. The impact of Hurricane Matthew, which was responsible for a death toll of over one thousand people was intensified by a loss of agriculture and livelihoods, public infrastructure and the destruction of many houses.

“Thanks to God the children were not hurt, but I couldn’t save anything. Rocks fell in the house, destroying my belongings. There was nothing left.” - Marie Rose Thermie, a single mother to six children.

ACT Alliance member Church World Service (CWS) Haiti, and associated partners who are rooted in the affected communities assessed the extent of the damage of Hurricane Matthew. During this time ACT Alliance Forum members mobilized assistance with local partners which focused on providing food, shelter, water, sanitation and hygiene. It was evident that much of the destruction caused by Hurricane Matthew was a result of poor construction methods. ACT Alliance members committed to repair houses where possible, and to completely reconstruct houses where necessary.

“I didn’t have a house to live in. Thanks to God and these organizations now I have a house. Now I feel like I live well, because when someone has a house that is the biggest grace of God. Every evening when you come from outside, you have to find a house to sleep in. Someone who doesn’t have a house wonders where he will sleep. And now I have this house.” - Selondieu Delva

The repair and reconstruction process is inclusive, requiring the full collaboration of the families, ACT Alliance members, the communities in which they serve and local partner organizations. In a conscious effort to invest in the local capacities of communities, ACT member CWS held training sessions to equip families, community members and volunteers with information on secure building codes and construction methods under with the guidance of qualified engineers. This process has been successful in encouraging ownership of the projects, as well as ensuring that the knowledge and skills for improved construction methods remain within communities.

In instances where family members have not been not directly involved in the construction of the houses, they have been engaged other ways, including the gathering of materials or in the preparation of food for the construction crew.

“I did not understand how to build a house - it is ICEDNO [a local CWS partner] that taught me. It is the first time in my life that I understand how to build a house. We didn’t have enough money to build such a house, nor was there an engineer. When we felt that our lives were in danger we looked for refuge at the school [built by CWS] to protect our lives. The wind was blowing and the rocks of the house fell down. The house was 18 years old. It had already collapsed two times before in strong wind (including hurricane Jeanne) and then I rebuilt it again. With these materials, the house will not fall down.” - Lionel Pierre, a beneficiary of the ACT Alliance response and an active participant of the repair and reconstruction process for 18 houses.

The approach taken by ACT Alliance has helped to foster greater community solidarity as people came together to help each other. In addition, the sharing of information such as insight on the purchasing of materials and negotiation techniques for securing transportation to more remote areas has further facilitated solidarity.

In the 2017 hurricane Season, Haiti was again threatened by Hurricane Irma and Maria. While some houses that had already been affected from Hurricane Matthew were completely deteriorated, the houses that had been repaired by ACT Alliance members withstood the passage of the hurricanes.

The reconstruction and repair process has not come without challenges. First, there has been misconception that houses under construction with the presence of engineers is a house that belongs to a wealthy family. As a result, it has been sometimes difficult to secure community participation for the construction needs. In response, ACT members have encouraged a transparent process to inform the community of the repair and reconstruction project.

Second, there have been some instances where the budget of a house has been depleted before its completion, often due to poor financial administration. In response, ACT Alliance members have engaged with partners on training for improved financial administration.

Finally, much of the reconstruction happens in remote areas with limited accessibility. Construction projects have been delayed and sometimes completely stopped in instances of bad weather conditions which makes it difficult to transport the construction materials.

ACT Alliance member CWS has continued with the house repair and reconstruction project and intends to complete the remaining 50 of a total of 110 houses of the Hurricane Matthew response by April 30, 2018.

Haiti: Haiti: Salesian missionaries reflect back on loss of life and rebuilding efforts, marking 8 years since earthquake

Tue, 01/23/2018 - 20:51
Source: Salesian Missions Country: Haiti

(MissionNewswire) On Friday, Jan. 12, 2018, exactly eight years after the devastating earthquake that struck Haiti in 2010, Salesian missionaries held Catholic Mass and a ceremony at the Salesian-run National School of Arts and Crafts (ENAM) in Port-au-Prince. The ceremony, presided by Father Morachel Bonhomme, vicar of the vice province of Haiti, drew a large number of Salesian missionaries, post-novices, aspirants, pre-novices, staff and teachers from ENAM and the Little Schools of Father Bohnen (OPEPB).

The celebration recalled stories from the many people who still remember the painful events of the earthquake and its aftermath. They prayed for the more than 200 Salesian students who perished that day and for others they lost like Salesian Coadjutor Brother Hubert Sanon, the first Haitian Salesian, and for three other Salesian youth who were in formation at that time; Wilfrid Atismé, Valsaint Vilbrun and Pierre-Richard René.

In the afternoon, Salesian missionaries headed to the University of Quisqueya where two of the young Salesians were killed by the earthquake. In a room built for the occasion, the Salesians prayed for all the students who died at the site. The whole day was spent in an atmosphere of profound meditation and reflection on the fragility of human life.

In the initial aftermath of the earthquake, the Salesians were instrumental in emergency response and relief efforts. An integral part of the infrastructure in Haiti prior to the earthquake, they were among the first responders—providing shelter and medical aid; means to securely transport, store and distribute relief supplies and clean drinking water; and, perhaps most importantly, an understanding of how to get things done in Haiti. Having served Haiti for nearly 75 years, the Salesians were not outsiders rushing in to help—they were already beloved members of the community.

Since then, Salesian missionaries have been focused on rebuilding community structures like schools, as well as helping residents rebuild their homes and their livelihoods. In 2015, through funding provided by donors to Salesian Missions, the U.S. development arm of the Salesians of Don Bosco, reconstruction was finished on the Salesian Youth Center in Fort Liberté. First opened in 2002, the youth center in Fort Liberté offers a broad range of formal and informal educational programs for local youth. It houses an elementary school, technical school, vocational training center, teacher-training program and one of the country’s only nursing schools.

Salesian missionaries were also a vital source of support and humanitarian aid following Hurricane Matthew, a Category 4 hurricane that pummeled Haiti on Oct. 4, 2016. Missionaries used the same local connections and channels to provide much needed immediate aid and ongoing relief and reconstruction efforts as they did after the earthquake. A warehouse that was built using funds from Salesian Missions, made possible by donations from donors who responded after the earthquake, was utilized during the hurricane response. The warehouse was used for not only storage but also as the staging ground where missionaries and other volunteers assembled the initial 400 survival kits. A delivery truck also funded by Salesian Missions made the transport to Les Cayes possible.

Most recently, Salesian students at six Salesian centers in Haiti are receiving access to better nutrition thanks to a grant from the U.S. Agency for International Development (USAID). Salesian Missions secured the grant for its Hunger for Education USAID International Food Relief Partnership project in Haiti. The project aims to increase the health and learning capacity of students by implementing school feeding programs in Salesian centers within the country.

The project is helping to support the shipment of 20 40-foot shipping containers of meals—eight from Breedlove, a nonprofit organization dedicated to helping eradicate world hunger; eight containers from Rise Against Hunger, an international relief organization that provides food and life-changing aid to the world’s most vulnerable; and four from Feed My Starving Children, a nonprofit Christian organization committed to “feeding God’s children hungry in body and spirit.”

The rice-meals that are being provided cover meals five days a week during the school term for eight months. The donation is shared among Salesian centers in the cities of Port-au-Prince, Fort-Liberté, Cap-Haïtien, Les Cayes, Gressier and Gonaïves. As a result, 12,733 Salesian students are receiving access to a hot meal each day at school. The feeding programs also covers two months of summer programming at Les Cayes, Gressier, Fort-Liberté, Cap-Haïtien, Gonaives, Thorland, Petionville, Drouillard and the post-novitiate.

“Salesian missionaries strive to reach the poorest students who would otherwise not have the opportunity to receive an education. Many of the students come from families where food is not readily available and a large percentage of these students come to class on an empty stomach,” says Jessica O’Connor, senior international development officer at Salesian Missions. “The project has already had a great impact on students. Children who once arrived at school hungry and had to struggle through classes without food are now provided with a meal during the day, and as a result, students have shown improvements in health, happiness and capacity to learn.”

Despite the ongoing reconstruction and infrastructure improvements that are helping to rebuild Haiti, the county remains the poorest country in the Americas and one of the poorest in the world. According to the World Bank, over half of the country’s population of 10 million lives on less than $1 per day and approximately 80 percent live on less than $2 per day. The majority of Haitians lack adequate access to education, healthcare and nutritious food.

For Salesian missionaries in Haiti, schools and youth programs fulfill an important socio-economic mission by providing poor youth a foundation for lifelong learning through education and training in skills and trades to help them escape poverty and establish a sustainable livelihood.

Haiti: Les villes haïtiennes : des actions pour aujourd’hui avec un regard sur demain

Tue, 01/23/2018 - 18:25
Source: World Bank Country: Haiti

APERÇU

Aujourd’hui, plus de la moitié de la population haïtienne est installée dans les villes et les bourgs, ce qui représente un changement majeur par rapport aux années cinquante, où environ 90 % des Haïtiens vivaient à la campagne. L’urbanisation en général va de pair avec la croissance économique, une plus grande productivité et des niveaux de vie plus élevés, mais en Haïti elle a suivi un parcours différent. Ses bénéfices potentiels ont été assombris par d’énormes défis qui nécessitent une action immédiate.
Pour mieux comprendre les facteurs qui font obstacle au développement inclusif et durable des villes haïtiennes, cette Revue de l’Urbanisation organise les défis selon trois dimensions de développement urbain : la planification, la connectivité et le financement. La planification examine les défis en soutenant une croissance résiliente pour créer des villes économiquement dynamiques, durables d’un point de vue environnemental et habitables. La connectivité se concentre sur les obstacles qui empêchent physiquement le lien entre les personnes et les emplois ainsi qu’entre les entreprises et les marchés alors que le financement se concentre sur l’identification des principaux obstacles institutionnels, en matière de gouvernance et de capital qui représentent des barrières lorsqu’on aborde les défis de connexion et de planification. Dans ce contexte, l’analyse indique trois principaux défis pour les villes haïtiennes:

PLANIFICATION: La croissance urbaine résiliente est gênée par des déficits importants en matière de services de base, une exposition plus importante aux catastrophes naturelles et un aménagement du territoire inefficace.

CONNECTIVITÉ: La mauvaise connectivité dans les villes haïtiennes entrave l’émergence des marchés du travail intégrés et l’accès aux opportunités économiques.

FINANCEMENT: La capacité des gouvernements locaux à planifier, viabiliser et connecter les villes et les bourgs est largement restreinte à cause des ressources limitées au niveau municipal.

Haiti: Haitian Cities: Action for today with an eye on tomorrow

Tue, 01/23/2018 - 18:19
Source: World Bank Country: Haiti

ABSTRACT

Today, more than half of Haiti’s population calls cities and towns their home, in a major shift from the 1950s when around 90 percent of Haitians lived in the countryside. Urbanization is usually paired with economic growth, increased productivity, and higher living standards, but in Haiti it has taken a different course. Potential benefits have been overshadowed by immense challenges, all of which require immediate action. To better understand the factors that constrain the sustainable and inclusive development of Haitian cities, this Urbanization Review organizes the challenges along three dimensions of urban development namely planning, connecting, and financing. Planning reviews the challenges in supporting resilient growth to create economically vibrant, environmentally sustainable, and livable cities. Connecting focuses on the obstacles of physically linking people to jobs and businesses to markets, while financing focuses on identifying the key capital, governance, and institutional constraints that are hurdles to successful planning and connecting.

Dominica: Thematic report - 23 January 2018 - Dominica: Hurricane Irma and Maria Caribbean Response

Tue, 01/23/2018 - 16:34
Source: Assessment Capacities Project Country: Anguilla, Antigua and Barbuda, Bahamas, British Virgin Islands, Cuba, Dominica, Dominican Republic, Guadeloupe (France), Haiti, Martinique (France), Puerto Rico (The United States of America), Saint Barthélemy (France), Saint Martin (France), Sint Maarten (The Netherlands), Turks and Caicos Islands, United States Virgin Islands

Key findings

  • UN agencies, NGOs, and government employees sharing the same workspace helped collaboration and information sharing.

  • Sector-specific and cross-sector coordination meetings allowed agencies and government actors to share information that reduced delays and increased collaboration between actors.

  • The lack of reliable baseline data greatly hampered efforts and delayed carrying out assessments and distributions properly during the response.

  • Better communication and collaboration between UN agencies, actors, and CDEMA was needed, to avoid considerable delays in assessments and overlap in activities.

  • Appropriate and context-specific communication mechanisms need to be tailored in order to ensure two-way communication with affected communities, taking vulnerable and at-risk communities in consideration.

  • Local technical staff were over stretched and exhausted. Agencies are encouraged to build up their technical surge capacity in preparation of an emergency.

HURRICANE IRMA

Hurricane Irma first made landfall on the northeast Caribbean islands during the early hours local time of 6 September 2017. Antigua and Barbuda, Anguilla, Bahamas, British Virgin Islands, Cuba, Dominican Republic, Haiti, Puerto Rico, St Barthélemy, St. Martin, Sint Maarten, Turks and Caicos, and the US Virgin Islands were all affected.

169,000 people and 75,000 buildings were exposed to wind speeds higher than 252km/h. 5.5 million people lived in areas exposed to winds in excess of 120km/h. At least 37 people have been reported dead.

A large part of the populations of Anguilla, Barbuda, British Virgin Islands, Sint Maarten and Turks and Caicos have been directly affected and will require extensive assessment and support in the coming months. Some islands have had close to 100% of their population displaced. There is significant damage to infrastructure, livelihoods, housing, communications, and essential services, including electricity.

HURRICANE MARIA

A few days after Hurricane Irma, Hurricane Maria moved west-northwest over the Caribbean Sea, and picking up strength as it moved onwards. Its center passed south of St. Croix island (US Virgin Islands) early in the morning of 20 September 2017. It then continued moving towards Puerto Rico as a category 5 hurricane, with maximum sustained winds of 270 km/h. MARIA is forecast to make landfall along Puerto Rico, near Yabucoa city at around 12 UTC on 20 September. Hundreds of people have been evacuated and hundreds of houses destroyed in Guadeloupe, Dominica and Martinique islands .

THE MOST AFFECTED

Dominica is the worst affected from Hurricane Maria. At least 14 people died in Dominica. At least 80% of the island’s population has been affected and needs support with shelter and water, according to CDEMA. Hurricane Maria is the strongest on record to strike Dominica and destroyed entire crops, disrupted power and water supplies. All the health centers in the island have been affected. Landslides blocked roadways making it difficult for aid workers to access affected people in remote corners of the island.

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